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36 Gunas in Hindu Beliefs

Hindu marriages are still performed as per the Vedic tradition of horoscope matching.  Horoscope or the birth chart of the individual is an important document for predicting the future of an individual and ascertaining his or her compatibility with the proposed marriage partner. 36 Gunas are the aspects that need to be considered by comparing the horoscopes of the bride and groom to ascertain their compatibility with each other. Here is an overview of the 36 Gunas compared for approving a marriage as per the astrological tradition in India.
Kundali Match or Guna Milan
Kundali matching also called as Guna Milan is the first step in ascertaining the marriage compatibility. Guna Milan happens as per the detailed guidelines given in the astrological texts of the Vedic tradition. Guna Milan helps determine the stability and longevity of the relationship between the birde and groom looking forward to marry. There are 36 Gunas listed out by the scriptures for comparing.
36 Gunas Overview
The following are the eight categories or Ashta Koot with the number of points allotted for each of these categories. Note that the total number of points under the Ashta Koot matching makes 36 Gunas.
Nadi: 8 Points
Bhakoot: 7 Points
Gana: 6 Points
Maitri: 5 Points
Yoni: 4 Points
Tara: 3 Points
Vasya: 2 points
Varna: 1 Point.
Hence the total number of Ganas is 36.
The basic compatibility requirement
Among the 36 Gunas, at least 18 must match for approving the marriage. The most important aspects covered under these 18 Gunas relate to mental compatibility, Mangalik dosh, the durability of the proposed relationship, the tendencies that are contrary to each other, commonness of their attitude and approach, children, overall health, sexual compatibility and others.
When is a marriage approved
For approving a marriage, there must be not less than 18 Guna matches between the bride and the groom’s horoscopes. If the matching Gunas are less than 18, then the proposed match is not approved. If 18 to 25 Gunas match, then it is demed as a good marriage. A best match ensues when 26 to 32 Gunas match. In very rare cases, more than 32 Gunas might match between the bride and the groom and such a marriage is the ideal one and the degree of compatibility between the bride and the groom is the highest and best in such cases.
Gunas or Ashta Koot matching description
1. Nadi refers to the aspects of health and reproduction. Individuals of similar nadi must not marry. If this is not ensured, the children of the said couple will have physical and mental troubles.
2. Bhakoot matches the 12 zodiac signs as per the nature of these signs. Marriages are approved between compatible zodiac signs.
3. Gana or qualities match the propensities or qualities of the individuals based on classifying individuals as endowed with the qualities of gods, humans and demons. The coupling of the same Guna is the best match.
4. Maitri ascertains the ability of the couple to have a compatible relationship in the family life.
5. Yoni or the sexual compatibility examines the physical or sexual compatibility of the individuals coming together in marriage.
6. Taara or the constellation matches the horoscopes based on the nakshatra or the star of the individuals. This will indicate the total lifespan and the possibility of widowhood.
7. Vasya considers the characteristics of the individuals and ascertains who will dominate the relationship.
8. Varna considers the propensities of the marrying individuals based on the four categories of people namely Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra.
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